The country is observing the National Road Safety Week from 4th February (Monday) to 10th February (Sunday). The aim is to increase public awareness about traffic rules including the importance of wearing helmets and seat belts.
A Harm Reduction conference was organized by Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) at Maple Hall, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi on January 30, 2019. Harm reduction strategies for important public health issues were discussed, including helmets and seat belts.
A consensus statement was also released. The recommendations with regard to helmets and seat belts are as follows:
|Helmets and harm reduction
Preventing head injuries by wearing a bicycle helmet reduces the risk of brain injury. A 2009 systematic review of five case-control studies found that helmets provide a 63 to 88 percent reduction in the risk of head, brain, and severe brain injuries and a 65 percent reduction of injuries to the upper and mid-face for bicyclists of all ages. Helmets provide similar protection for crashes involving motor vehicles and other causes (70 percent). In children (<15 years of age), wearing a helmet reduces the risk of head injury by 63 percent and of loss of consciousness by 86 percent.
Pregnant women should wear three-point seat belts during pregnancy. The lap belt is placed across the hips and below the uterus; the shoulder belt goes between the breasts and lateral to the uterus. Although there are case reports of maternal and foetal injuries resulting from seat belt use, the overall effect is that seat belts provide significantly more benefit than risk to the mother and foetus in the event of collision.
• Zero tolerance for not wearing helmets and seat belts.
• Govt should be asked to bring in laws for mandatory cycle helmets, seat belts for back seat passengers, seat belt for bus drivers.
• Awareness should be created about quality of helmets.
• Children below < 5 years old should not be allowed to sit in the front seat of a car. Car seats for children to be mandatory.
• In the back seat of a car, the middle seat should always have a seat belt as the person seated in the middle is most at risk.
• The importance of helmets and seat belts should be taught in schools.
• Children from schools in high risk areas should be made to wear helmets while crossing the roads.