Sugar-sweetened drinks increase risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome
Dr KK Aggarwal
A review of epidemiological studies published online November 2, 2017 in the Journal of the Endocrine Society has added to the growing evidence of the association of sugar-sweetened beverages with chronic lifestyle disorders such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart disease.
The review, which examined the association of sugar-sweetened beverages with type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and hypertension, found that regularly drinking sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda and juice contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Most of the studies included in the review found that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages also increased the risk of metabolic syndrome, which in turn increased the risk of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
The review included 36 studies on the cardiometabolic effects of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption from the last 10 years.
Most of the analyzed studies for metabolic syndrome included individuals who drank more than five sugar-sweetened beverages a week, while consuming as few as two servings of sugar-sweetened beverages a week increased the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Drinking at least one sugar-sweetened beverage a day was associated with high blood pressure.
These findings yet again highlight the need to educate the general public, the young in particular, about the adverse health effects of sugar-sweetened beverages, who frequently consume foods and drinks high in added sugars. It is very important therefore to raise awareness among the public about the lifestyle diseases prevalent in our country, which are now occurring at a younger age and the lifestyle measure by which these disease can be prevented.
(Source: Endocrine Society News Release, November 2, 2017)